Soemtron ETR 220 Desktop Calculator
Photo Courtesy Serge Devidts, Calcuseum
The Soemtron ETR (Elektronischer TischRechner, e.g.,
Electronic Table Calculator) 220 is the first mass-production electronic
calculator produced in East Germany (German Democratic Republic), produced by
VEB Büromaschinenwerk Sömmerda. The calculator began production
in 1966 through 1977; an extremely long production lifetime. Over
150,000 of the machines were produced, with minor variances introduced
during production. The Soemtron ETR 220 was first distributed throughout
West Germany, but eventually distribution was across many Soviet-bloc
The ETR 220 is a four-function machine, with fifteen digits of capacity.
It utilizes fixed decimal point logic, with a rotary dial on the keyboard
panel providing the decimal point setting. The dial provides settings
for 14, 12, 11, 10, 9, 6, 4, 3, 2, 1 and no digits behind the decimal point.
The display uses Nixie tubes with the digits zero through nine, with no
decimal point included in the tube. Decimal point is indicated in the
display by small neon tubes situated between the Nixie tube display
elements. The calculator utilizes discrete Germanium transistor technology
for flip-flops and inverters, and diodes for logic gates. A magnetic core
array is utilized for storage of the three working registers of the
calculator, and three accumulator-type memory registers. The core array
is unusual in that a total of seven wires are threaded through each core, as
opposed to the usual four (X/Y/Sense/Inhibit) used in most core arrays in
The ETR-220 is functionally, and similar in many ways to the West German-made
Olympia RAE 4/30-3, which was marketed in the United States by Monroe
Calculating Machine Co., as the
Monroe 770. It isn't certain,
but it seems possible that the design for the Soemtron ETR-200 was
an East-German "copy" of the Olympia RAE 4/30-3 possibly created from
documentation spirited across the wall dividing East and West Germany.
Addition and subtraction typically complete within 5 milliseconds(0.005 second),
with multiplication and division averaging 0.5 second. The machine operates
at a primary clock rate of 25KHz. The Soemtron ETR-220 was also sold
under the Daro name as shown on the machine pictured above.
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